May 13, 2014–January 8, 2017

Sgraffito Plate or Deep Dish with Double-Headed Eagle

George Hubener (1757-1828) Guides

Limerick Township, Pennsylvania


Glazed red earthenware

2 1/4 x 12 5/8 diam.

Collection American Folk Art Museum, New York

Gift of Ralph Esmerian, 2005.8.24

Photo © John Bigelow Taylor, New York

George Hubener (1757-1828)

Related Material

Sgraffito Plate or Deep Dish with Double-Headed Eagle

The words that master potter George Hubener inscribed around the circumference of this deep dish perfectly express the level of excellence that can be attained only through a complete sympathy with one’s material of creation. Incised through the wet slip and into the red clay body are words in German that translate as: “1792 out of the Earth with understanding The Potter makes everything. He who can make something is esteemed. The unskilled no one regards.” Above the image Hubener has further written: “This is a Double-Headed eagle.”

Hubener may have apprenticed with Moravian potter John Ludwig Huebner or John George Sissholtz. His plates are fashioned in a traditional Continental form of a deep dish and are wheel-thrown, resulting in deep angular walls, a flat bottom, and a thick, out-turned rolled rim. Most of his surviving wares are inscribed with dates from 1786 to 1793; this example is a tour de force of traditional Southern German motifs: the double-headed eagle, a peacock, a heart, and tulips. Hubener established his own pottery, but after 1797 he is documented in Chester County as a mill owner rather than a potter.

Stacy C. Hollander, “Sgraffito Plate or Deep Dish with Double-Headed Eagle,” exhibition label for Self-Taught Genius: Treasures from the American Folk Art Museum. Stacy C. Hollander and Valérie Rousseau, curators. New York: American Folk Art Museum, 2014.